Diabetes is a complex condition in the human body when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough quantity of the hormone insulin to keep the blood sugar under control.This disease requires daily self-care because if complications arise then it can impact the quality of your life significantly. There are different types of diabetes; type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. All of them are complex and serious. Out of them, the type 2 diabetes is the most common one. The general symptoms of the disease include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications.
Currently, there is no cure for diabetes, but it can definitely be kept under control. If you are successful in effectively managing the disease, then you can live an enjoyable life. The ayurvedic herbs act as a wonder in the control of diabetes.
What is Diabetes in Ayurveda?
According to Ayurveda, diabetes is described as ‘prameha’. There are 20 sub-types of ‘prameha’ depending on the doshas in Ayurveda. Asrava, Prameha, Madhumeha and Maharogya are a few of them. Out of them, the most common one is madhu meha in Ayurveda, which is closely related to type-2 diabetes.
Why are Ayurvedic Medicines more effective in managing diabetes than the Allopathic ones?
The incidence of diabetes is increasing day by day. Diabetes, being a silent killer is secretly attacking the young generation of the country and thus increasing the burden of exchequer on the people as well as the government. The allopathic medicines have two common disadvantages in treating diabetes. The first one is the common side-effects from prolonging intake of medicine and the second one is the insulin resistance among people taking modern medicines.
This has lead to the extensive search for an alternate form of medicine. Ayurveda has a great significance in this system. The diabetes treatment in Ayurveda suggests the use of natural remedies for sugar. The ayurvedic medicines, combined with the dietary regulation (pathya), Panchakarma (bio-purification procedures) and exercise (vyaayam) has been very successful in effectively controlling the blood sugar level in madhu meha in Ayurveda.
In this write-up, the significance of dietary regulation (pathya) and panchakarma techniques (bio-purification procedures) as a diabetes treatment in Ayurveda would be discussed.
The Significance of Dietary Regulation (Pathya) To Control Madhumeha In Ayurveda.
Ayurveda suggests some modification in your diet plan as a natural remedy for sugar. The diet should contain 50-60% carbohydrate, 15% protein and rest from oil and fats. Fat, salt, alcohol and caffeine should be minimised in the diet.
- Go for High Fibre: The diet should contain around 40 g of fibre a day. You should add beans, vegetables and fruits in your meals. They are rich in fibres and help to keep the sugar under control. The break-down of high fibre carbohydrate into glucose takes a lot of time, so they are effective in regulating the sugar level. Ayurveda also recommends the use of bitter vegetables like bitter gourd, pointed gourd, fenugreek as a natural remedy for sugar. They are rightly termed as Ayurvedic sugar medicine.
- Eat Whole Grains: The whole grains regulate the glycemic response, increase insulin secretion and improve the functions of β cells in the pancreas. According to Ayurveda barley (Yava) is one of the best Ayurvedic sugar medicine. It can be taken in different forms like barley cooked with water (mantha), barley porridge (vatya), barley with roasted corn flour (saktu) and barley pancakes (apupa). Ayurveda recommends the use of old rice (Purana shali), as one of the cereals highly useful to diabetic patients.
- Add Spices to Food: In Ayurveda, madhumeha can be controlled by the addition of certain spices or condiments to food. Spices can effectively control diabetes by its action on short-term hypoglycemia and long-term improved glucose tolerance activities. A number of condiments and spices including pepper, asafoetida, aloe, Ocimum, and eugeno are used as Ayurvedic sugar medicine since time immemorial. In addition to this fenugreek seeds, ginger, garlic, coriander, turmeric, cumin seeds, onion, mustard, garlic, onions, curry leaves, mustard, and cinnamon are also used in diabetes treatment in Ayurveda.
Panchakarma Techniques (Bio-Purification Procedures) To Control Diabetes
As a result of diabetes, the sugar level in the blood circulation tends to remain above the normal range. Along with the high sugar level, the risk of ketoacidosis also increases, which is fatal. According to Ayurvedic experts, the imbalance of Kapha which lead to diabetes can be effectively controlled by the Panchakarma techniques. Before starting the Panchakarma technique one must go through the Purvakarma procedure.
Purvakarma is a prelude to Panchakarma. It starts with some easy lifestyle modification practices like going to bed early, waking up at dawn. In addition to this, you are recommended to have herbs like amalaki, gurmar, and neem with every meal. After completing the session of Purvakarma, the Panchakarma process starts.
Panchakarma technique is very beneficial for the diabetic patients. It detoxes and burns the excess fat of the body, and releases the toxin from the system. It also helps to put your body and mind into deep relaxation. Along with Panchakarma, the diabetic patient is advised to do Pranayama and meditation. At the end of the session, you would definitely feel energised and stress-free.
So, this was, in brief, the significance of dietary regulation (pathya) and panchakarma techniques (bio-purification procedures) to control diabetes.
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